Types of Chameleons

by Reptile Specialty
Chameleon Species Types

Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus)
United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia
One of the most commonly sold Chameleons due to their hardiness, but they are also one of the most aggressive. Males and females both have a decorative growth called a “casque” on their heads. The casque of a male chameleon is much taller than the female. They are a large size Chameleon. Male Veiled Chameleons are much larger than the females. They usually grow to 18 inches. Veiled Chameleons lay eggs and a normal clutch of 40 or so eggs, which hatch after about 6 months. Metabolic bone disease is a very big problem among Veiled Chameleons.
Jacksons Chameleon (Chamaeleo jacksonii)
East Africa, Kenya & Tanzania
They are sometimes called Three-horned Chameleons because males possess three brown horns: one on the nose (the rostral horn) and one above each superior orbital ridge above the eyes (preocular horns), somewhat reminiscent of Triceratops. The female generally have no horns or traces of the rostral horn. They are separated into three different categories: the rarer Dwarf Jackson's Chameleon (chamaeleo jacksonii merumontana), and two subspecies of Jackson's chameleon (chamaeleo jacksonii xantholophus, chamaeleo jacksonii jacksonii). Jacksons Chameleons are oviparous (live-bearing) and give birth around 7 to 9 months. A usual litter is around 10 to 35 babies. They are a small to medium size Chameleon.
Pygmy Chameleon (Rieppeleon brevicaudatus)
Eastern Usambara and  Uluguru mountains in northeastern Tanzania.
Commonly known as the Bearded Leaf Chameleon or Bearded Pygmy Chameleon. They are a very small Chameleon.

Carpet Chameleon (Chamaeleo lateralis)
Also known as Jeweled Chameleons. They can vary in sizes. These chameleons have very short lifespans and reach sexual maturity in a little as 2 or 3 months. They lay eggs and a typical clutch is between 5 and 25 eggs, which hatch around 4 to 5 months.

Fischers Chameleon  (Chamaeleo fischeri)
Male Fischers Chameleons differ in females in that they have a large rostral process (like a pair of horns) that extend up to an inch or so but the females rarely extend more than an eighth of an inch. Males are also much larger than females. Some Fishers Chameleons can grow up to 15 inches. Female Fishers Chameleons lay eggs and typically between 10 and 20 per clutch. The eggs hatch within 5 to 6 months.

Panther Chameleon (Chamaleo paradalis)
The Panther Chameleon is one of the friendliest and prettiest of the Chameleons. They have a good temperament and are easy to care for. There are many phases of Panther Chameleon's but there are four main color phases: Ambanja, Rainbow, Nosy Be Blue, and Red. They can grow anywhere between 12 to 22 inches and can live up to 5 to 8 years. Females are smaller and dull in color compared to males. Males can be a lot more aggressive. Males will become violent if they see another male and they display vibrant color changes.  Female Panther Chameleons lay eggs, typically 4 to 6 weeks after mating. A typical clutch is anywhere between 20 to 35 eggs and usually take 7 to 9 months to hatch.
Click here for a complete list of Panther Chameleon types.



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